Relative Positioning Plugin

Relative Positioning Plugin

This plugin provides support for defining the coordinates of a step relative to previous steps. This is often more convenient when creating presentations, since as you add, remove or move steps, you may not need to edit the positions as much as is the case with the absolute coordinates supported by impress.js core.


<!-- Position step 1000 px to the right and 500 px up from the previous step. -->
<div class="step" data-rel-x="1000" data-rel-y="500">
<!-- Position step 1000 px to the left and 750 px up from the step with id "title". -->
<div class="step" data-rel-x="-1000" data-rel-y="750" data-rel-to="title">

Following html attributes are supported for step elements:


Non-zero values are also inherited from the previous step. This makes it easy to create a boring presentation where each slide shifts for example 1000px down from the previous.

The above relative values are ignored, or set to zero, if the corresponding absolute value (data-x etc…) is set. Note that this also has the effect of resetting the inheritance functionality.

In addition to plain numbers, which are pixel values, it is also possible to define relative positions as a multiple of screen height and width, using a unit of “h” and “w”, respectively, appended to the number.


<div class="step" data-rel-x="1.5w" data-rel-y="1.5h">

Note that referencing a special step with the data-rel-to attribute is limited to previous steps to avoid the possibility of circular or offending positioning. If you need a reference to a step that is shown later make use of the goto plugin:

<div id="shown-first" class="step" data-goto-next="shown-earlier">
<div id="shown-later" class="step" data-goto-prev="shown-earlier" data-goto-next="shown-last">
<div id="shown-earlier" class="step" data-rel-to="shown-later" data-rel-x="1000" data-rel-y="500" data-goto-prev="shown-first" data-goto-next="shown-later">
<div id="shown-last" class="step" data-goto-prev="shown-later">

IMPORTANT: Incompatible change

Enabling / adding this plugin has a small incompatible side effect on default values.

Prior to this plugin, a missing data-x/y/z attribute would be assigned the default value of 0. But when using a version of impress.js with this plugin enabled, a missing data-x/y/z attribute will inherit the value from the previous step. (The first step will inherit the default value of 0.)

For example, if you have an old presentation with the following 3 steps, they would be positioned differently when using a version of impress.js that includes this plugin:

<div class="step" data-x="100" data-y="100" data-z="100"></div>
<div class="step" data-x="100" data-y="100"></div>
<div class="step" data-x="100" data-y="100"></div>

To get the same rendering now, you need to add an explicit data-z="0" to the second step:

<div class="step" data-x="100" data-y="100" data-z="100"></div>
<div class="step" data-x="100" data-y="100" data-z="0"></div>
<div class="step" data-x="100" data-y="100"></div>

Note that the latter code will render correctly also in old versions of impress.js.

If you have an old presentation that doesn’t use relative positioning, and for some reason you cannot or don’t want to add the explicit 0 values where needed, your last resort is to simply remove the rel.js plugin completely. You can either:

About Pre-Init Plugins

This plugin is a pre-init plugin. It is called synchronously from impress.js core at the beginning of impress().init(). This allows it to process its own data attributes first, and possibly alter the data-x, data-y and data-z attributes that will then be processed by impress().init().

(Another name for this kind of plugin might be called a filter plugin, but pre-init plugin is more generic, as a plugin might do whatever it wants in the pre-init stage.)


Henrik Ingo (@henrikingo), 2016